Grain News

2012 Hard Red Spring and Durum Regional Crop Quality Reports Available

Date Posted: October 25, 2012

The 2012 regional crop quality reports for hard red spring wheat and durum are now available and can be accessed on the North Dakota Wheat Commission website at

Hard copies of the reports can also be requested by calling 701-328-5111 or emailing

Erica Olson, NDWC marketing specialist says the quality reports will serve as the main marketing tool used for promotion of the 2012 crop to customers around the world.

“Buyers are eager for quality information and various international customers have already visited the state to receive the information first hand.

"Gaining an understanding of the quality we have to offer helps them plan their purchasing decisions for the year,” Olson says.

The data will also be presented during U.S. Wheat Associates’ sponsored crop quality seminars in Asia, Europe, North Africa and Central America.

The quality analysis of the survey samples was performed at the NDSU wheat quality labs.

Buyers of durum and hard red spring wheat this year will not only be pleased with the larger crops from the region, but also with the strong quality traits.

Durum samples collected in Montana and North Dakota reveal a crop that grades #1 Hard Amber Durum on average with slightly higher test weights and thousand kernel weights compared to last year.

Vitreous kernel content is slightly higher this year at 89 percent, with 63 percent above the desired 90 percent vitreousness.

At 14.6 percent, average protein is a point higher than 2011 and half a point higher than average and falling numbers averaged above 400 seconds, indicating a sound crop.

Total and semolina extraction levels are a bit lower than last year, but mixing properties are strong.

Pasta quality is improved this year with lower speck counts, better pasta color and lower cooking loss.

While the crop as a whole is of good quality, certain areas did see increased disease pressure with some elevated levels of DON.

Also, this year there is a portion of the crop that falls into lower grade classes with lower vitreous kernel counts.

Overall, buyers will appreciate the high grading crop with improved semolina and processing characteristics.

Spring wheat samples collected from Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Idaho, Oregon and Washington indicate a high grading crop with improved milling and end-use characteristics.

The crop grades a #1 Dark Northern Spring with higher test weights and thousand kernel weights.

Average protein is 14.6 percent, similar to last year and nearly half a point higher than the five-year average with the average falling number value at 421 seconds.

Damage levels are significantly lower with only a few areas reporting elevated levels of DON, but even those areas are much lower than average.

Milling data shows extraction levels are higher than last year and similar to the five-year average.

Dough quality tests indicate stronger, more resistant dough in the 2012 crop, although dough properties are still below average.

Baking quality on the 2012 crop is showing lower bake absorption, but higher loaf volumes.

The strong features of the 2012 HRS crop include very high protein levels, a high grade profile, low damage, improved functional quality and larger production.

Buyers should be please with the value the 2012 crop affords them.

Funding and support for the U.S. hard red spring and durum regional quality surveys is provided by U.S. Wheat Associates, the North Dakota Wheat Commission, Minnesota Wheat Research and Promotion Council, Montana Wheat and Barley Committee, South Dakota Wheat Commission, Washington Grain Commission, Oregon Wheat Commission, Idaho Wheat Commission and North Dakota State University.

For mroe information, call 701-328-5111.

See Related Websites/Articles:

more GRAIN NEWS...