White House Considers Tapping Emergency Diesel Reserve to Ease Supply Crunch

Storage tanks for crude oil, gasoline, diesel, and other refined petroleum products at the Kinder Morgan Terminal, viewed from the Phillips 66 Company's Los Angeles Refinery in Carson, CA. REUTERS/Bing Guan

(Reuters) — The White House is weighing an emergency declaration to release diesel from a rarely used stockpile in a bid to address a major supply crunch and blunt rising prices, an administration official said today (May 23).

U.S. President Joe Biden has declared that tackling high inflation and gas prices is the priority of his administration ahead of congressional elections in November.

Republicans seeking to regain control of Congress have used the surge in prices to bludgeon Democrats.

Diesel is essential for the U.S economy, powering farms and the construction sector along with the trucks, trains, and boats that help move goods.

Rising diesel prices will help drive up inflation, which has hit 40-year highs.

The White House is considering tapping the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, created in 2000 to help with supply issues and used only once in 2012 in the wake of Hurricane Sandy.

The impact from such a release would be limited by the relatively small size of the reserve, which contains only 1 million barrels of diesel.

"We have teed up this reserve option to stay ahead of the problem and will not hesitate to use other levers at our disposal to support families and the recovery," a White House official said.

The national average price for diesel stood at $5.56 a gallon as of Sunday (May 22), shy of the record of $5.58 set last week, according to AAA, a national motorist advocacy group.

This marks a 75% increase from a year ago.

The situation is even worse in the U.S. Northeast, where a number of refineries have shuttered since 2000.

For instance, the average price for a gallon of diesel in New York state is $6.52 a gallon, up 102% from a year ago, according to AAA.

U.S. distillate stocks hit their lowest level since 2005 two weeks ago and currently sit at 105.3 million barrels, while stocks on the U.S. East Coast hit an all-time low as of May 6 before rebounding in the most recent week to 22.5 million barrels, according to the latest federal data.

"We need all the help we can get," said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital LLC, referring to an argument Democrats have made that blames higher fuel prices on Russian President Vladimir Putin's invasion of Ukraine.

"I know people mock the phrase 'Putin's price increase,' but we have a supply disruption on our hands because of the Russia-Ukraine war.

"Exports of distillate fuels have been at very high levels, so it's pretty clear we're all in this together globally," Kilduff said.

"It's time to tap them."